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Women with Type 1 Diabetes at risk for Osteoporosis

Premenopausal women (aged 35-55) with type 1 diabetes are likely to be more prone to have osteoporosis than non-diabetic women, according to results of a study. Bone mineral density (BMD) in premenopausal type 1 diabetic women is found to be 3 to 8 percent lower than in women without diabetes. Aside from lower BMD, diabetic women were also found to exhibit more bone fractures, with one-third of women reported having a fracture after age 20 compared to less than a quarter of those who do not have diabetes.

Researchers from the University of Pittsburgh are still unsure as to why type 1 diabetes affects bone density, however, they hypothesize that other changes in the cardiovascular system, kidney or nervous system which are often associated with longer duration of disease, are influencing bone density.

The researchers conclude that women with type 1 diabetes should be considered for early osteoporosis screening and fracture prevention efforts prior to menopause.

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