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Toenail Discoloration Diabetes

Toenail discoloration is a staining of the nails into white, yellow, or greenish, which is a result from fungal infections particularly from Trichophyton rubrum. Another rare cause of toenail discoloration is the “yellow nail syndrome,” which is genetically inherited condition. Discoloration can also be caused by the disjointing of the nail from its nail bed called onycholysis. It can also be a symptom for diabetes and finally, it can also be related to the accumulation of fluids in the lungs, kidney or liver due to diseases. Because of this, any abnormal discoloration of toe nails should be immediately consulted to doctors for proper physical examination.

Toenail discoloration among people with diabetes is basically caused by fungal infections, which is prevalent among diabetics. Diabetics are vulnerable to fungal infections because their wounds do not heal fast as their blood does not immediately clot. Because the wounds stay fresh and moist, the wound becomes an ideal breeding ground for fungal infections. Aside from the discoloration of the toe nails, the infection is also characterized by impaired foot or thickened sensation. This especially happens when having a pedicure.

Meanwhile, those people experiencing toenail discoloration without necessarily suffering from any fungal infections, the discoloration coupled by nail thickening is caused primarily by wearing ill-fit shoes especially shoes that are small. It is therefore advised that these people buy shoes that better fits their size.

Per doctor’s recommendations, antifungal treatment with the use of ointments and other similar external medicine is more effective and advisable compared to oral medications especially among diabetics. This is because the use of oral meds increases patient’s proneness to liver toxicity and or even health failure especially among diabetic patients. This type of treatment is also advised because it also promotes foot hygiene and care in order to avoid foot ulcerations.

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