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Omega-3 may curb Type 2 Diabetes onset

Increased consumption of omega-3 fatty acids may curb type 2 diabetes from further developing, Italian researchers recently found out.

The study of 167 patients (85 females and 82 males) concluded that omega-3 decreases insulin resistance (a common precursor to the development of type 2 diabetes) and improves lipid profiles and adiponectin levels. Adiponectin is a protein that is involved in metabolizing glucose and fatty acids. Low levels are associated with insulin resistance, diabetes, atherosclerosis, and obesity.

Researchers at the University of Pavia had their subjects divided into two groups wherein one group received a placebo three times a day, while the other was given omega-3 polyunsaturated fats and fat-rich meals (to test the effect of omega-3). The participants were properly monitored for over six months.

After the observation period, the researchers discovered that the group which consumed omega-3 improved their HDL (good) cholesterol and plasma triglyceride markers, while those on placebo did not have any changes in their condition. However, researchers explained that “the omega-3 consumption had no effect on total cholesterol or LDL (bad) cholesterol.”

The finding that fatty acids assist with insulin resistance denotes that doctors will likely include omega-3 in the list of recommended foods and supplements for pre-diabetes patients.

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