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Omega 3 Helps Reduce Type 1 Diabetes

Eating foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids — usually found in fish — may reduce the risk of getting type 1 diabetes, especially in children who are genetically at risk of getting the disease.

In a study, children at risk for type 1 diabetes who consumed higher levels of dietary omega-3 fatty acids, lowered by 55 percent their risk for pancreatic islet immunity, which is linked to the development of diabetes.

Researchers from the University of Colorado examined the diets of 1,770 children with increased risk of type 1 diabetes — either having a high diabetes risk human leukocyte antigen genotype or a sibling or parent with type 1 diabetes. Results showed 58 children tested positivefor leukocyte antigen during follow-up. Omega 3 fatty acids was shown to have an inverse association with islet autoimmunity erythrocyte membranes despite researchers having to adjust for human leukocyte antigen genotype, family history of type 1 diabetes, caloric intake and total omega 6 fatty acids.

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