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Mediterranean Diet Good for Diabetics

A Mediterranean diet consisting mostly of vegetables, fruits and fish, and fewer animal products, may prevent heart disease and may be beneficial to diabetics, an Australian study reported.

Researchers from the Monash University in Melbourne noted that Mediterranean-born Australians had lower death rates from heart disease compared to native-born Australians. This prompted an investigation of the relationship between dietary patterns and heart related deaths”in an ethnically diverse population”.

The study, published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, involved 40,000 men and women between the ages of 40 and 69 years, 24 percent of whom were Mediterranean-born,while the rest were native Australians. Both groups were followed closely for 10 years by the researchers who used food questionnaires to calculate the study participants’ intake of Mediterranean foods, vegetables, fruits and meats.

It was found that a Mediterranean-style diet “may be most beneficial for persons with diabetes:’ “Those people in our study that were in the highest category of the Mediterranean foods pattern had a 30 percent lower risk of dying from cardiovascular disease compared to those who were in the lowest category,” said lead study investigator Dr. Linton R. Harriss, in an interview for Reuters Health.

Study investigators said that results of their study suggest that the Mediterranean diet may lower death rates from ischemic heart disease among those with diabetes, although more research is needed to further prove the study results.
Although the Mediterranean diet proved to better protect people who were free of any cardiovascular diseases, this didn’t stop researchers from believing that following the Mediterranean diet shows benefits regardless of cardiovascular disease history in the study.

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