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Lowering fat intake may reduce Diabetes

Little adjustments in diet even without weight loss can notably affect risk for diabetes, according to a research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

The study included 69 healthy, overweight people who did not have diabetes but were at risk for it, and placed them for diets with modest reductions in either fat or carbohydrate for eight weeks.

Barbara Gower, PhD, of the Department of Nutrition Sciences at UAB and lead author of this study, said that “at eight weeks, the group on the lower fat diethad significantly higher insulin sensitivity.” She noted that “these improvements indicate a decreased risk for diabetes.” The unique aspect of this study, according to Gower, is that the results were independent of weight loss. The participants were given exactly the amount of food required to maintain their body weight, and the researchers recorded any minor fluctuations in body weight during analyses. As a result, those trying to minimize risk for diabetes over the long term may consider limiting their daily fat consumption at about 27 percent of their diet.

Gower added the fact that people find it hard to lose weight. “What is important about our study is that the results suggest that attention to diet quality, not quantity, can make a difference in risk for type 2 diabetes,” she emphasized.

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