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Lipid Profile and Diabetes

Posted on February 19, 2021 | No Comments on Lipid Profile and Diabetes

There exists a correlation between lipid peroxidation with the complication of diabetes mellitus. Good metabolic control of hyperglycemia will prevent in alteration in peroxidation and the lipid metabolism. In lay man’s term, this means that diabetes tends to lower “good” cholesterol levels and raise triglyceride and “bad” cholesterol levels, which results to diabetic dyslipidemia, which can increase a patient at risk for premature coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis or the clogging of the arteries.

Based on this, it is important that the lipid profile of a diabetic patient be regularly monitored. A lipid profile or lipid panel measures the lipids, of naturally occurring molecules that include fats, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins. Lipid profile would normally refer to fats particularly cholesterol and triglycerides. Meanwhile there are two types of cholesterol, the good and the bad. LDL cholesterol is considered the “bad” cholesterol because it contributes to plaque, a thick, hard deposit that can clog arteries and make them less flexible.

HDL cholesterol is considered “good” cholesterol because it helps remove LDL cholesterol from the arteries. Triglycerides are another type of fat, and they’re used to store excess energy from your diet. Ideally, the lipoprotein profile should show low “bad” cholesterol or low-density-lipotrotein (LDL) cholesterol, high good cholesterol or high-density-lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and balance Triglycerides depending on one’s age and sex. However, high levels of triglycerides in the blood are often caused by overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, cigarette smoking, excess alcohol consumption and a diet very high in carbohydrates. The ideal or normal levels for cholesterol are as follows:

Bad cholesterol or LDL: 60 to 130 mg/dL
Good cholesterol or HDL: greater than 40 mg/dL
Total cholesterol: less than 200 mg/dL
Triglycerides: 10 to 150 mg/dL

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