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How to Prevent and Treat Colds

It’s Christmas season once again and, incidentally, flu season as well. During the holidays, cold weather is felt worldwide, and simple coughs and colds are very common. People with chronic diseases like diabetes are more susceptible to colds or flu complications. Having colds most especially among diabetics is a big no-no. Any illness or infection like colds can cause high blood sugar. Here are some ways to prevent and treat a cold.

• Close monitoring of blood glucose level. Diabetics with colds have high chances of raising their blood sugar level. Keep a close watch on your blood sugar as often as possible or as advised by your doctor to avoid complications.
• Drink lots of fluid. It is essential for diabetics not to get dehydrated when ill. It is a must to drink lots of water or sugar-free drinks to prevent dehydration.

• Follow your usual meal plan. 41 Aside from fluids, food is important 1,1 when you are sick. If your condition doesn’t allow you to follow your usual meal plan, try four to six ounces of regular soda, juice or a gelatin desert with sugar every other hour to address low blood sugar levels. Also, try eating small amounts of carbohydrate even in liquid form such as yogurt or milky drinks.
• Get enough rest. Rest is essential for boosting the immune system especially among diabetics. Diabetics can prevent and recover from colds more quickly if they get their much-needed rest.
• Wash your hands. The cold virus can live on various surfaces such as doorknobs, countertops and faucet handles. Frequent handwashing can keep germs like the cold virus from spreading. Avoid touching your eyes and nose without first washing your hands thoroughly.

DON’Ts :
• Skip diabetes medication. Ask your doctor about your diabetes medication doses. Your physician may need to adjust them depending on your blood sugar levels and food intake while you’re sick.
• Take over-the-counter colds treatment. Some over the counter medicines for cough and colds may raise blood glucose and blood pressure levels among diabetics. To treat colds, ask your doctor for the medicine that suits your condition.
• Exercise. Avoid strenuous ac-tivities while you’re sick especially if you have symptoms like fever and fatigue.

See your doctor especially when your symptoms seem to be getting worse. Call your doctor if you have the following:
* Your blood sugar reads higher than 250 mg/dL twice in a row
* Fever
* Vomiting
* Pain
* Get positive result for ketones in your urine.

Always consult your doctor before doing the aforementioned. Let’s enjoy Christmas without worrying about anything. Have a merry and colds-free Christmas!

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