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Gestational Diabetes Risk per Trimester

Gestational diabetes pertains to condition of high blood sugar levels among pregnant women. The impaired glucose intolerance is caused by hormonal changes during pregnancy. This means that pregnant women have tendency to have blood sugar levels higher than normal, which is described as gestational diabetes but not really the disease diabetes. Gestational diabetes especially manifest itself at the later part of pregnancy specifically at the third trimester. Gestational diabetes is caused by the temporary insulin resistance is caused by increase hormones in the placenta through which the baby is fed by the mother in her womb.

Less then 5% of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes. However, women who have a family history of diabetes, those who are overweight or obese and those with low levels of vitamin D are at greater risk for developing gestational diabetes during pregnancy.

Whereas diabetes per se can affect the baby during pregnancy to as deadly as resulting to birth defects or even miscarriage, gestational diabetes in the mother do not cause any birth defects to the baby. Gestational diabetes especially develops in the latter part of pregnancy during which the baby is already well developed.

However, it can nevertheless cause certain health problems to the baby such as high birth weight, over nutrition or very large size of the baby. This would make labor more difficult or sometimes would require cesarean operation for the mother because the baby is too big to deliver. If delivered normally, the mother increases risk of suffering trauma because of the difficulty of laboring the big baby. A very big baby may also have breathing difficulties or jaundice after birth or may suffer low blood sugar levels after birth because it won’t be receiving high blood sugar from its mother anymore. In spite of these risks however, a mother can deliver a healthy baby despite having gestational diabetes.

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