> Diabetes Research > First trimester weight gain increases Gestational Diabetes Risk

First trimester weight gain increases Gestational Diabetes Risk

Expecting moms may get more than what they bargained for, especially when they gain a lot of weight during the early stage of pregnancy.

Overweight and obesity increase the risk of developing diabetes. Moreover, a new study has found that weight increase before or at the time of the pregnancy’s first trimester will put them at higher risk of developing gestational diabetes.

According to Monique Hedderson, PhD, putting on more weight than is recommended by the Institute of Medicine during the first trimester will result in a 50 percent higher risk of developing gestational diabetes compared to weight gain in the other trimesters.

The study also showed that women who gained between 0.6 and 4 pounds per week during this time will have an even higher risk (80 percent) of developing gestational diabetes compared to pregnant women who added weight that is below the IOM recommendations. The authors believe that as weight gain happens early on, the pancreas beta cells will be exhausted and there will be difficulty in producing insulin to control blood glucose.

It is also important to note that women who are already overweight and obese before the start of pregnancy were found to be more at risk of developing the condition, although they gained the least weight during that period. However, the authors were unable to find a link between gestational diabetes and weight gain during the second trimester.

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