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Diabetic Foot Ulcer Care

Posted on September 26, 2013 | No Comments on Diabetic Foot Ulcer Care

Diabetic people are at risk of developing foot sores, foot ulcers, or open sore wound in the foot which results due to complication of diabetes and can result to the lower leg amputations. Foot ulcers are very common among people with diabetes and is in fact the most common reason why people with diabetes stay in the hospital. Foot ulcers develop because diabetes is a metabolic disorder that obstructs the body’s normal wound healing process. Thus, a small or simple wound in the foot of a diabetic person can gradually worsen, get infected and result to foot ulcer, in which the wound continues to remain fresh and the bacterial infection will start to attack other skin and tissue causing the wound to enlarge.

One of the factors that primarily contribute to the development of foot ulcers is too much pressure on one part of the foot. Because of this, the type of shoes worn by a diabetic patient is critical in ensuring the pressure in the feet is even distributed. A pressure in a concentrated area can develop into wound. It is advisable for the patient to choose shoes made out of canvas, leather, or suede instead of plastic material which does not allow ventilation and the foot to breathe. It is also important to wear shoes that fit properly. Tight wearing of shoes causes pressure on the feet. Too loose allows for unnecessary slides that can cause friction. Finally, diabetics are advised to avoid wearing pointed or open toe shoes, stilettos, and slipper and sandals.

People with Diabetic Foot Ulcer should take care of their wound. One should keep blood sugar levels regulated to facilitate faster healing. The foot ulcer should be kept clean and bandaged to prevent bacteria or germs from infecting it. The wound should be cleansed regularly while applying proper medication to dry up the wound. Wet-to-dry dressings are used to the bandage absorbs fresh wound material and removes dead tissue when being undressed. Patient should also avoid walking bare foot. It is further advised to avoid soaking the skin with water as this can soften health tissue and makes it more vulnerable to further infection. Finally, it would advisable to consult a doctor is the swelling of the wound has pus, odour, painful or when the patient start to feel chills and firmness or pain in the wound.

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