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Diabetes Skin Complications

Posted on October 15, 2020 | No Comments on Diabetes Skin Complications

Skin problem complications are common among diabetic patients for having too much sugar in their blood. The high levels of blood glucose makes the body loses fluid that in turn makes the skin dry. The body reacts to diabetes by turning more water into urine for eliminating excessive sugar. Moreover, diabetic neuropathy also causes the skin to dry up because nerves do not activate the sweat glands which could otherwise moisten the skin. The dry skin turns red and sore, with cracks which become a perfect place for Germs to attack and a breeding ground for bacteria and fungi to thrive. Following is a list of common Diabetes skin complications with their brief descriptions.

  • Acanthosis nigricans – a skin condition characterized by the darkening and thickening of the skin in the neck, the armpits, and groin often associated with obese individuals which a tell tale sign of impending diabetes.
  • Allergic reactions – characterized by rashes or bumps in area where insulin is injected which indicates one’s allergic reaction to a medicine or insulin.
  • Atherosclerosis – characterized by loss of hair, thinning and shiny skin, thickened and discolored toenails caused by the insufficient supply of oxygen as the blood can travel to peripheries due to narrow blood vessels.
  • Bacterial infections – characterized by hot, swollen, red, and painful skin including the presence of boils caused by infections in the underlying tissue of the skin.
  • Bullosis diabeticorum (diabetic blisters) – blisters in fingers, hands, toes, feet, legs, or forearms primarily dues to diabetic neuropathy.
  • Diabetic dermopathy – characterized by scaly light brown or red patches in front of the legs or skin spots because of damage of blood vessels that supplies blood to these areas.
  • Digital sclerosis – hardening, thickening or tightening of the skin in toes, fingers and hands due to lack of moisture.
  • Disseminated granuloma annulare – ring- or arc-shaped red rashes on the skin usually in the fingers and ears.
  • Eruptive xanthomatosis – compact yellow pea-like itchy bumps on the skin of the feet, arms, legs, buttocks and hands.
  • Fungal infections -This pertains to infections caused by fungi such as jock itch in the genitals, athlete’s foot in the toes; and ringworm or ring-shaped, itchy patches anywhere in the body.
  • Itching – also called pruritus caused by yeast infection, dry skin or poor blood flow.
  • Necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum (NLD) – raised, yellow and waxy skins with purple border usually lower legs.
  • Scleroderma diabeticorum -thickening of the skin of the nape and upper back common among overweight people.
  • Vitiligo – discoloration of the skin caused by the damage of special cells that creates melanin pigment.

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