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Diabetes and Postoperative Infection

Medical studies have confirmed that patients with diabetes mellitus are at an increased risk for infection compared with patients without diabetes. Those patients with complicated diabetes are even at greater risk of postoperative wound infection. This included patients who have undergone foot and ankle surgery, or major cardiovascular or abdominal surgery. The high rate of nosocomial infection or Hospital-acquired infection among diabetic patients especially those with poor glucose control confirm that hyperglycemia itself is an independent risk factor for the development of infection.

According to further studies, clinical researchers attributed the high risk of potential infection due to the Physiologic processes to fight foreign agents are potentially impaired during periods of hyperglycemia. The immune function and the inflammatory response are both impaired especially during high levels of blood sugar in the blood. This makes their bodies more vulnerable to bacterial infection.

Thus, it is important for diabetic patients to control of serum glucose postoperatively or ensure blood sugar control after having surgery to lower the risk of infection. Meanwhile, it is also important that the diabetic patient strictly follow postoperative care to prevent any risk of infection.

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