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Chronic Kidney Disease Worldwide

The incidence of chronic kidney disease is rapidly increasing worldwide, according to experts in the British Medical Journal (BMJ).
Researchers report that the annual incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the United Kingdom has doubled over the past decade and is now estimated at around 100 per 1 million of population. This figure is expected to continue to rise by 5 to 8 percent annually, though it still remains well below the average in Europe (around 135 per 1 million) and that of the United States (336 per 1 million).

The rising incidence of ESRD globally is said to be reflective of the global incidence of type 2 diabetes and the increasing number of the ageing populations in developed countries. Currently, there are around 154 million people worldwide with diabetes, and this number is expected to double within the next 20 years. Most of the expected increase in the number of diabetes patients will be mainly notable in the developing world, where the figure is due to reach 286 million by 2025.

The report further states that more than 100 developing countries, with a population of more than 600 million, do not have any provision for kidney replacement therapy. Consequently, more than a million people may die every year worldwide from ESRD.

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