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Causes of Diabetes

Posted on April 5, 2015 | No Comments on Causes of Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by abnormally high or low levels of sugar or glucose in the blood primarily due to absence or insufficient insulin produced by the pancreas to regulate blood glucose. The term diabetes mellitus was derived from an ancient Greek word diabainein which literarily means “siphon”. The term mellitus was added by Thomas Willis in 1675, to refer to the sweet urine of the patients as mel in latin means honey.

There are basically two types of diabetes, type I and type II. The former is that a result from the autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas and is usually detected at a young age. This is why it is also called an autoimmune reaction, or autoimmune cause, because the body is attacking itself. The exact cause of this type of diabetes is unknown. However, it is believed to be caused by viral or bacterial infection, chemical toxins within food and genetic disposition or susceptibility as well as other environmental factors.

Type 2 diabetes or also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes, is the more common form of diabetes in which the diabetic either do not make sufficient insulin in their pancreas or their bodies cannot use the insulin well enough or insulin resistance. Instead of sugar moving into the cells for energy, sugar builds up in the bloodstream. The cause of Type 2 diabetes is multifactorial. Among these risk factors included obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, stress, age, unhealthy lifestyle and bad diet.

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