> Diabetes Research > Breath-Analysis Offers Hope for Non-invasive Blood Sugar Monitoring

Breath-Analysis Offers Hope for Non-invasive Blood Sugar Monitoring

A new non-invasive way to monitor blood sugar levels is currently being developed by scientists at the University of California, Irvine. The study was conducted after a chemical analysis method used for air pollution testing was found to have effectively measured high concentrations of methyl nitrates in type 1 diabetics in hyperglycemic state.

Dr. Pietro Galassetti, a diabetes researcher at the General Clinical Research Center, together with Dr. Dan Cooper and Dr. Andria Pontello, conducted a breath-analysis test on 10 type 1 diabetic children. The researchers took breath samples from the children during a hyperglycemic state and while they increased the children’s blood insulin levels.

The breath analysis was sent to a laboratory where chemists F. Sherwood Roland and Donald Blake, examined the exhaled breath. It was shown that the methyl nitrate concentrations matched the children’s glucose levels. The higher the methyl nitrate, the higher the glucose levels.

Researchers are hopeful that this may be the start of non-invasive ways in measuring glucose levels in diabetics. “While no clinical breath test yet exists for diabetes, this study shows the possibility of non-invasive methods that can help the millions who have this chronic disease,” says Dr. GliSsetti. “Currently, we are involved with new studies looking at the correlation of other gases with hyperglycemia and other variables, including insulin,” he adds.

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